Arturo Pérez-Reverte

LAS REVOLUCIONES SIEMPRE LAS HACE EL PUEBLO

Antiguo corresponsal de guerra, novelista popular infiltrado en la Real Academia española desde 2003 y con cinco de sus libros llevados al cine, el hacedor de la colección Las aventuras del capitán Alatriste se viene inmiscuyendo en los últimos tiempos con ciertos momentos claves de la historia de su país. En Cabo Trafalgar ya había acometido con lo sucedido en el combate naval más famoso de España, y ahora en Un día de cólera se propone despojar de manipulación el Dos de Mayo, jornada que transformó el destino de una nación, cuando una turba enloquecida luchó contra las tropas de Napoleón.

ALMAS

Arturo Pérez-Reverte

LAS REVOLUCIONES SIEMPRE LAS HACE EL PUEBLO

Antiguo corresponsal de guerra, novelista popular infiltrado en la Real Academia española desde 2003 y con cinco de sus libros llevados al cine, el hacedor de la colección Las aventuras del capitán Alatriste se viene inmiscuyendo en los últimos tiempos con ciertos momentos claves de la historia de su país. En Cabo Trafalgar ya había acometido con lo sucedido en el combate naval más famoso de España, y ahora en Un día de cólera se propone despojar de manipulación el Dos de Mayo, jornada que transformó el destino de una nación, cuando una turba enloquecida luchó contra las tropas de Napoleón.

Arturo Pérez-Reverte (Cartagena, 1951) es uno de los escritores actuales con más libros vendidos en lengua española. Antes del boom del thriller religioso que desató El código Da Vinci, él ya había publicado La piel del tambor (1995). Si La tabla de Flandes (1990) abrazó la causa del thriller cultural y permitió que el nombre del escritor español no estuviese sólo vinculado al periodismo (fue reportero de conflictos bélicos para la prensa, radio y televisión de su país desde 1973 a 1994); con la aparición de la colección Las aventuras del capitán Alatriste a fines de 1996, Pérez-Reverte se convirtió en sinónimo de éxito y efectividad literaria. Y un personaje como Diego Alatriste, en alguien tan referencial como Sherlock Holmes o Marlowe. A todo esto, ha recibido importantes premios literarios y fue traducido a 34 idiomas. La cereza del postre: Pérez-Reverte ingresó en la Real Academia Española el 12 de junio de 2003. Y ahora está de regreso en las librerías con Un día de cólera. Después de haber ofrecido en Cabo Trafalgar (2004) su particular visión del combate naval más famoso de la historia española, en Un día de cólera devuelve a la vida a los protagonistas de la jornada del Dos de Mayo que cambió el destino de un país, cuando una multitud enloquecida embistió a las tropas de Napoleón, cuya cruel represalia Goya pintó en los famosos lienzos de fusilamientos. “Una pena, cargarnos el modernismo a favor de una monarquía decadente”, dice.

ALMA MAGAZINE: ¿Cómo nace este libro, cómo se le ocurre la idea de volver al Dos de Mayo?

ARTURO PEREZ-REVERTE: Quería contarlo de otra forma. Benito Pérez Galdós lo contó muy bien y hay libros de historia bastante buenos. Sin embargo, yo quería narrarlo desde dentro. Quizá lo que no se contó nunca fue desde el punto de vista de la gente que estuvo peleando. Hay muchos testimonios de las víctimas, de testigos que lo vieron todo y que dejaron constancia de cada hecho. Me apetecía mucho contar la historia como si estuviera el lector en la calle. Cómo habría visto este día si hubiera estado corriendo por las calles de Madrid de un lado a otro, disparando, con el barullo. Me fui a los documentos, y con ellos en la mano me fui a mapas de la época, cruzándolos con mapas actuales, y me fui a los sitios para contar ese movimiento de masa, de pueblo. Ahora entiendo bien por qué pasó todo como pasó, por qué murió la gente donde murió, por qué pudieron resistir donde resistieron. Ha sido como viajar atrás, una experiencia muy interesante.

AM: Hablando de viajar atrás, ¿podría hablar de qué cómo se veía el Dos de Mayo cuando era niño, cuando escuchó las primeras historias sobre ese día?

A.PR.: Mi generación fue educada en el mito del Dos de Mayo, la fecha patria cuando empieza la Guerra de la Independencia. El franquismo adobó el Dos de Mayo con un montón de elementos no siempre irreales; muchos de ellos eran reales y legítimos, pero digamos que lo envolvió todo en una especie de gesta imperial, una más de la larga historia imperial de España. De niño tenía esa idea que teníamos todos: los españoles levantados todos contra el francés. Pero, claro, luego lees, te haces mayor, investigas, y te das cuenta de que el Dos de Mayo no salió España a la calle. El Dos de Mayo saldrían a la calle tres mil o cuatro mil personas como mucho. Gente humilde, de los barrios bajos de Madrid, gente de navaja fácil. Pero la gente de clase media, de clase alta, las “buenas familias” se quedaron todas en sus casas, porque eso no iba con ellos, era una revuelta. Ahora lo vemos con la distancia, la guerra vino después… En su momento aquello fue un motín callejero. Era chusma la que estaba en la calle. Los patriotas y los intelectuales, aquellos que teóricamente tenían que haber movido a las masas, no intervinieron. La graduación más alta militar fueron dos capitanes: Daoiz y Velarde, y porque la gente los obligó, sobre todo a Daoiz, a tomar partido. En cuanto a las partidas que se levantaron, estaban dirigidas por gente común. ¿Qué pasa? Que el franquismo anuló ese concepto y lo manipuló: vendió una sublevación dirigida por los militares heroicos, de un pueblo contra el francés. Y no fue así. Un grupo de gente se echó a la calle porque estaba cabreada, porque no quería a los franceses, por lo que fuera: no querían que el francés le tomara el vino gratis en el bar, le dijera cumplidos a su novia o se quedara con la mejor casa de la posada. Estaban cabreados. Fue un día de cólera, un día de furia, A se echó la gente a la calle y nada más. Los mismos protagonistas pensaban que aquello no iba a ir a más. Cuando terminó aquella noche y hubo fusilamientos y represión, todo el mundo daba por supuesto que aquello se había terminado, que se había acabado con el motín. No sabían que iba a generar lo que generó.

AM: ¿Cambió la historia española?

A.PR.: Completamente. Quienes cambiaron nuestra historia fueron cuatro albañiles, dos carniceros, un carpintero, dos cocheros y dos mozos de mesón. Los demás fueron a remolque de ellos. Lo que sorprende es el coraje con el que se baten. Espanta, cuando ves las cifras de muertos y las relaciones de los combates, la dureza con la que esa gente se echa a la calle a pelear contra los franceses, por un rey, por una patria, por ideas muy vagas. Los ideólogos se quedaron en sus casas. Hubo un poco de conspiración previa, pero el chispazo fue natural, espontáneo, fue gente furiosa que se echó a la calle a pelear.

AM: El título del libro estaba claro en cuanto vio cómo fue, ¿no?

A.PR.: Es que el Dos de Mayo no fue un movimiento patriótico, una sublevación nacional. Fue un día de cabreo. Madrileños furiosos contra franceses que estaban en la ciudad. Y eso después generó otras cosas. Pero me ha interesado el fenómeno social, quién combate y por qué. Por eso la novela está llena de nombres, calculo que hay unos 350 personajes. Todos auténticos, porque utilicé las listas de muertos y de heridos y con ellos reconstruí los hechos. Se van formando grupos en las calles: unos son masacrados inmediatamente, otros duran más tiempo, algunos van al parque de Monteleón con armas y se meten allí con los artilleros… pero no hay ninguna coordinación. Son cuatro tíos, y sobre todo mujeres, hay muchas mujeres en las calles.

AM: Por encima hay un narrador que casi podemos decir que es un corresponsal de guerra que lo está viendo en directo, desde muchos sitios distintos.

A.PR.: He intentado aplicar una técnica fría. Es decir, no tener adjetivos, no hablar de héroe ni de gloria ni de terrible, no usar adjetivos que perturbasen la fría realidad de los hechos. He querido contar sin aspavientos el degüello del francés, la carga de los coraceros… Como un reportaje. Además, es cronológico. Empieza a las ocho de la mañana, en Palacio, y termina a las cuatro de la mañana con los fusilamientos de la montaña del Príncipe Pío. Esa jornada la voy contando por barrios, por gentes, por partidas que combatían, siempre intentando no magnificar nada. De pequeño recuerdo la glorificación excesiva, la enorme carga ideológica que nos metían con el Dos de Mayo, y es una fi esta magnífica, que conviene recordar, socialmente muy interesante, pero quería despojarla de ese argumento patriotero y manipulador. Quería contar hechos desnudos. Es una especie de reportaje cronológico.

AM: Pero es una novela, ¿no?

A.PR.: Sí, pero es menos novela que libro de historia. Ni quiero ni puedo quitarles el sitio a los historiadores, pero es un libro de historia, un libro reportaje donde he novelado aquellos elementos en los que no disponía del dato histórico. La trama, los personajes y las situaciones son reales. Todo es auténtico, riguroso. La invención puede ser un 25%, y nadie puede discutirme que fuera o no fuera así. Pudo ser así. Ha sido una experiencia muy interesante. Había hecho novelas históricas antes, de hecho, los Alatriste son novelas históricas, y Cabo Trafalgar, pero nunca había hecho una novela donde hubiese tantos elementos diferentes, tantos personajes que coordinar en un trazado urbano para que todas las acciones se fuesen coordinando y el lector pudiese seguirlas. Ha requerido un trabajo de ingeniera narrativa muy complejo.

AM: Y también ha requerido un trabajo amplísimo de documentación. ¿Quizá sea su novela más exhaustiva en ese aspecto?

A.PR.: Posiblemente lo sea. Esta vez ha sido en dos años y medio, con una dosis enorme de documentación. A la historia del siglo XVIII y XIX la conozco bien, tengo una buena biblioteca; salvo algún documento que no tenía, he partido de libros de mi biblioteca. Este trabajo ha sido apasionante. He aprendido muchísimo. Sobre todo, sobre el carácter de la gente. Ahora entiendo. Yo antes admiraba el Dos de Mayo como hecho histórico, ahora lo comprendo, y no tenía tanto mérito, es lógico lo que ocurrió: cuando a alguien le tocan mucho tiempo las narices al final se cabrea. Pues eso pasó. Las revoluciones siempre las hace el pueblo, los que no tienen nada que perder. Y esto fue una revolución, que duró un día.

AM: Sucedió hace doscientos años, pero puede pasar ahora mismo, y de hecho pasa en otros lugares del mundo.

A.PR.: De hecho, yo he visto situaciones similares. Llegué a Bucarest el día de la revolución, cuando la caída de Ceaucescu; era una situación parecida: la gente humilde en la calle peleando y la burguesía esperando a que todo pasara. Quien se echa a la calle es aquel que tiene algo que ganar y poco que perder, o que tiene cuentas pendientes que ajustar. Es fascinante cómo un movimiento de cólera, un cabreo colectivo, puede dar lugar a un acontecimiento de unas consecuencias tan trascendentes para la historia de España, y para la de Europa también.

AM: ¿Y si luego dicen que esta novela es belicista y patriotera? Usted no suele dejar a nadie indiferente.

A.PR.: Lo sé, pero es un hecho que está allí, que se manipuló de una manera excesiva. Nos lo contaminó el franquismo, y desde el día siguiente al Dos de Mayo se empieza a manipular esa fecha. Vuelvo atrás: vamos a olvidarnos de toda esta carga ideológica. Quiero que el lector, al ver lo que ocurrió, entienda, asuma y saque sus propias conclusiones. En ningún momento lo planteo como una hazaña. Es más, insisto, no fue una hazaña.

AM: El libro está lleno de retratos, con sus luces y sus sombras. Los “héroes” dudan al principio, por ejemplo, y también vemos cómo los afrancesados examinan la situación.

A.PR.: El Dos de Mayo también alumbra un drama terrible: la tragedia de la inteligencia. La gente culta, con luces, ilustrada, que admiraba la Revolución francesa, que buscaba razón y progreso, de pronto se encuentra ante un dilema: o estás con el enemigo, que son los que traen esas ideas; o estás con tu gente, que están defendiendo la monarquía, los curas, el oscurantismo. La gente honrada no tenía elección: tenías que elegir a tus compatriotas, por supuesto.

AM: ¿Dónde hubiese estado ese día Arturo Pérez-Reverte?

A.PR.: Muchas veces, escribiendo este libro, me he planteado dónde habría estado, si peleando o en mi casa, mirando, o apoyando a los franceses… Lo que pasa es que ya soy incapaz de tomar esa decisión, porque estoy demasiado contaminado por la Historia. Sé lo que vino después. Sé que vino Fernando VII: una represión brutal, los liberales fueron masacrados, encarcelados y perseguidos. Sé que eso nos cerró el paso al progreso y la cultura. Sé que todavía hoy estamos pagando el precio de aquella guerra. Sé que esa jornada, patrióticamente importante, fue cultural e ideológicamente nefasta. Como sé todo eso ya no tengo la libertad de juicio suficiente para poder decir habría estado aquí o allá. Sí que puedo decir que me alegro mucho de no haber estado allí.

AM: Después de Trafalgar y el Dos de Mayo, ¿va a estar en algún sitio similar?

A.PR.: Son dos cosas distintas. Cabo Trafalgar era un intento por contar la batalla, con un lenguaje distinto. Aquí los hechos son tan fuertes, es tan importante acercarse a lo que está ocurriendo, que no he querido alterar la actitud del lector ni siquiera con el lenguaje. Es lo más frío, aséptico y distante posible. No sé lo que voy a escribir.

AM: Ha dicho que un escritor siempre escribe la misma novela. ¿Un día de cólera es tan heredera de los Alatriste y Cabo Trafalgar como de El pintor de batallas?

A.PR.: Todas mis novelas tienen un aire de familia. Yo voy cambiando y todo se va moviendo conmigo, cambian los puntos de vista, los enfoques, pero el territorio narrativo es el mismo. Hay temas que me preocupan desde niño, como lector, como ser humano, y esos temas van apareciendo en mis novelas.

AM: Hay rutas guiadas del Madrid de Alatriste. ¿Se podrían hacer rutas del Madrid de Un día de cólera, del Dos de Mayo?

A.PR.: Sí, aunque ha cambiado bastante y muchos lugares ya no están, aún es posible hacerlo. Además, la novela lleva un mapa que permite al lector reconocer los sitios y moverse por la calle. Hay lugares concretos que permanecen, como la puerta del Sol, el palacio de Oriente, la plaza de Malasaña, donde está Monteleón, la plaza Mayor… Hay una forma muy buena de gozar con la literatura y con la historia, y con todo lo que son los libros, que es llevarlos a la calle, a la vida

normal. Se puede recorrer las calles del Dos de Mayo para captar el rumor, todavía.

AM: ¿Qué pretende con este libro?

A.PR.: Más que nada que la historia sea útil. Y lo es cuando das los elementos naturales y reales para que el lector inteligente extraiga conclusiones y consecuencias. Yo proporciono material. Esto ocurrió. Así pasó. No hay juicios. No hay héroes. No hay tambores ni trompetas ni fanfarrias. Hay hechos. Esto pasó. Lo que pasa es que soy novelista, no historiador, y le doy la forma de una novela. Quiero que el lector corra con el aliento de los caballos franceses a la espalda, que se meta en las fachadas de las casas, que el lector se sienta solidario de un grupo que está con él, o se sienta repelido por otro. Que el lector sienta, que esté allí. Y eso no es historia. Eso es otra cosa. Es un libro para narrar lo que pasó. Los análisis corresponden a otros.

AM: ¿Y puede ser un punto de partida para comprender los últimos siglos de nuestra historia?

A.PR.: Eso he intentado. En el libro hay claves que valen para después. Claves que he descubierto, no es que vaya de profesor. Cuando escribía fui comprendiendo cosas que pasaron después: el porqué de la reacción absolutista, por qué la gente luego apoyó al rey contra los liberales; por qué el siglo XIX fue como fue, por qué se cortó la esperanza de una revolución de verdad, ideológica, que nos cambiara y nos pusiera al día… En esas pequeñas historias del zapatero, del carpintero, del albañil, de esa gente ruda y humilde, y sencilla y al mismo tiempo cruel y muy bruta, al mismo tiempo entrañable y deleznable, que somos los españoles, con su navaja y su manera de pelear, uno se da cuenta de que están los gérmenes, las explicaciones de muchas cosas: de la guerra civil española, de la guerra carlista, del liberalismo, conservadurismo, de la reacción… Doscientos años de historia posterior quedan claramente condicionados por esas veinticuatro horas terribles y apasionantes que vivió España, Madrid, el Dos de Mayo de 1808.

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To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, in no event will ALMA MAGAZINE, its affiliates, directors, officers, employees, agents, suppliers or licensors be liable to any person for any indirect, incidental, special, punitive, cover or consequential damages (including, without limitation, damages for lost profits, revenue, sales, goodwill, use of content, impact on business, business interruption, loss of anticipated savings, loss of business opportunity) however caused, under any theory of liability, including, without limitation, contract, tort, warranty, breach of statutory duty, negligence or otherwise, even if the liable party has been advised as to the possibility of such damages or could have foreseen such damages. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the aggregate liability of ALMA MAGAZINE and its affiliates, officers, employees, agents, suppliers and licensors relating to the services will be limited to an amount no greater than one dollar or any amounts actually paid in cash by you to ALMA MAGAZINE for the prior one-month period prior to the first event or occurrence giving rise to such liability. The limitations and exclusions also apply if this remedy does not fully compensate you for any losses or fails of its essential purpose.

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You agree to indemnify and hold ALMA MAGAZINE and its affiliates, directors, officers, employees, agents, suppliers and licensors harmless from and against any liabilities, losses, damages or costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, incurred in connection with or arising from any third-party allegations, claims, actions, disputes, or demands asserted against any of them as a result of or relating to your Content, your use of the Services or any willful misconduct on your part.

Severability

All rights and restrictions contained in this Agreement may be exercised and shall be applicable and binding only to the extent that they do not violate any applicable laws and are intended to be limited to the extent necessary so that they will not render this Agreement illegal, invalid or unenforceable. If any provision or portion of any provision of this Agreement shall be held to be illegal, invalid or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, it is the intention of the parties that the remaining provisions or portions thereof shall constitute their agreement with respect to the subject matter hereof, and all such remaining provisions or portions thereof shall remain in full force and effect.

Dispute resolution

The formation, interpretation, and performance of this Agreement and any disputes arising out of it shall be governed by the substantive and procedural laws of Florida, United States without regard to its rules on conflicts or choice of law and, to the extent applicable, the laws of United States. The exclusive jurisdiction and venue for actions related to the subject matter hereof shall be the courts located in Florida, United States, and you hereby submit to the personal jurisdiction of such courts. You hereby waive any right to a jury trial in any proceeding arising out of or related to this Agreement. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods does not apply to this Agreement.

Assignment

You may not assign, resell, sub-license or otherwise transfer or delegate any of your rights or obligations hereunder, in whole or in part, without our prior written consent, which consent shall be at our own sole discretion and without obligation; any such assignment or transfer shall be null and void. We are free to assign any of its rights or obligations hereunder, in whole or in part, to any third party as part of the sale of all or substantially all of its assets or stock or as part of a merger.

Changes and amendments

We reserve the right to modify this Agreement or its terms related to the Services at any time at our discretion. When we do, we will revise the updated date at the bottom of this page, post a notification within the Services, send you an email to notify you. We may also provide notice to you in other ways at our discretion, such as through the contact information you have provided. An updated version of this Agreement will be effective immediately upon the posting of the revised Agreement unless otherwise specified. Your continued use of the Services after the effective date of the revised Agreement (or such other act specified at that time) will constitute your consent to those changes.

Acceptance of these terms

You acknowledge that you have read this Agreement and agree to all its terms and conditions. By accessing and using the Services you agree to be bound by this Agreement. If you do not agree to abide by the terms of this Agreement, you are not authorized to access or use the Services.

Contacting us

If you have any questions, concerns, or complaints regarding this Agreement, we encourage you to contact us using the details below:

info@ALMAMAGAZINE.com

This document was last updated on November 12, 2021

Disclaimer

This disclaimer (“Disclaimer”) sets forth the general guidelines, disclosures, and terms of your use of the BoatsGuideFlorida.com website (“Website”), “ALMA MAGAZINE” mobile application (“Mobile Application”) and any of their related products and services (collectively, “Services”). This Disclaimer is a legally binding agreement between you (“User”, “you” or “your”) and GHIDS MEDIA CORP (doing business as “ALMA MAGAZINE”, “we”, “us” or “our”). If you are entering into this agreement on behalf of a business or other legal entity, you represent that you have the authority to bind such entity to this agreement, in which case the terms “User”, “you” or “your” shall refer to such entity. If you do not have such authority, or if you do not agree with the terms of this agreement, you must not accept this agreement and may not access and use the Services. By accessing and using the Services, you acknowledge that you have read, understood, and agree to be bound by the terms of this Disclaimer. You acknowledge that this Disclaimer is a contract between you and ALMA MAGAZINE, even though it is electronic and is not physically signed by you, and it governs your use of the Services.

Representation

Any views or opinions represented on the Services are personal and belong solely to ALMA MAGAZINE and do not represent those of people, institutions or organizations that ALMA MAGAZINE may or may not be associated with in professional or personal capacity unless explicitly stated. Any views or opinions are not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company, or individual.

Content and postings

You may not modify, print or copy any part of the Services. Inclusion of any part of the Services in another work, whether in printed or electronic or another form or inclusion of any part of the Services on another resource by embedding, framing or otherwise without the express permission of ALMA MAGAZINE is prohibited.

Compensation and sponsorship

The Services may contain forms of advertising, sponsorship, paid insertions or other forms of compensation. On certain occasions ALMA MAGAZINE may be compensated to provide opinions on products, services, or various other topics. The compensation received may influence such opinions of the advertised content or topics available on the Services. Sponsored content and advertising space will always be identified as such. Some of the links on the Services may be affiliate links. This means if you click on the link and purchase an item, ALMA MAGAZINE will receive an affiliate commission.

Indemnification and warranties

While we have made every attempt to ensure that the information contained on the Services is correct, ALMA MAGAZINE is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for the results obtained from the use of this information. All information on the Services is provided “as is”, with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results obtained from the use of this information, and without warranty of any kind, express or implied. In no event will ALMA MAGAZINE be liable to you or anyone else for any decision made or action taken in reliance on the information on the Services, or for any consequential, special or similar damages, even if advised of the possibility of such damages. Information on the Services is for general information purposes only and is not intended to provide any type of professional advice. Please seek professional assistance should you require it. Information contained on the Services are subject to change at any time and without warning.

Changes and amendments

We reserve the right to modify this Disclaimer or its terms related to the Services at any time at our discretion. When we do, we will revise the updated date at the bottom of this page, post a notification within the Services, send you an email to notify you. We may also provide notice to you in other ways at our discretion, such as through the contact information you have provided. An updated version of this Disclaimer will be effective immediately upon the posting of the revised Disclaimer unless otherwise specified. Your continued use of the Services after the effective date of the revised Disclaimer (or such other act specified at that time) will constitute your consent to those changes.

Acceptance of this disclaimer

You acknowledge that you have read this Disclaimer and agree to all its terms and conditions. By accessing and using the Services you agree to be bound by this Disclaimer. If you do not agree to abide by the terms of this Disclaimer, you are not authorized to access or use the Services.

Contacting us

If you have any questions, concerns, or complaints regarding this Disclaimer, we encourage you to contact us using the details below:

[email protected]

This document was last updated on March 12, 2022

Privacy Policy
This policy was last updated on March 21, 2022.
Introduction
This Privacy Policy applies to all of the products, services, and websites offered by Ghids Media Corporation and its subsidiaries or affiliated companies (collectively, “Ghids Media”). We provide this notice explaining our privacy practices and the choices you can make about how your information is collected and used by Ghids Media Corporation. Ghids Media has appointed a Data Protection Office to contact if you have any questions or concerns. The Data Protection Office contact information is as follows: Data Protection Office  Ghids Media Corporation  11007 Griffing Blvd. Miami, FL33161  [email protected]
An overview of the information we may collect.
You can take advantage of many Bonnier products, services, and websites without providing any information that personally identifies you by name, address, or other personally-identifying information. We only collect personally-identifying information when you voluntarily submit it to us. Sometimes, we need personally-identifying information to provide you with the products and services you request. Depending upon the product or service, we may ask you for various personally-identifying information. This might include, for example, your name, address, email address, telephone number, gender, and birth date. We may also ask for other information about you, such as your credit card information (when making a purchase), interests, income, or education level. We consider certain identifying information “sensitive.” This includes your credit card number, income level, or other information usually regarded as confidential. Some personal information will never be requested or collected, such as information on your race or ethnic origin, political opinions, trade union memberships, religious beliefs, health, sex life, or sexual orientation. You may choose not to provide us with any personally-identifying information. In that case, you can still access and use many portions of our websites; however, you will not be able to access and use those portions of any Bonnier website that require your personal information. Many Ghids Media websites include community features, such as online forums and message boards. The information posted in these areas becomes public information, and any third party’s use of this information is beyond our control. If you elect to submit content that includes information that can be used to identify you, you must assume that the content can and will be displayed on any website on the Internet. Our properties may feature measurement software, which will allow you to contribute to market research. We allow third-party companies to serve ads and/or collect certain information when you visit our website and directly in emails/communications. These companies may use information you have shared (e.g., click stream information, browser type, time and date, subject of advertisements clicked or scrolled over, email address) during your visits to this and other Web sites to provide advertisements about goods and services likely to be of greater interest to you. Our partners use this information to recognize you across different channels and platforms over time for advertising, analytics, attribution, and reporting purposes; any information collected is stored in hashed or non-human-readable form. These companies typically use a cookie or third party web beacon to collect this information. Ghids Media websites sometimes may offer contests, sweepstakes, or promotions sponsored by or co-sponsored with identified third parties. Under their sponsorship, these third parties may obtain personally-identifying information that visitors voluntarily submit to them to participate in the contest, sweepstakes, or promotion. B Ghids Media has no control over the third-party sponsors’ use of this information. If a third-party sponsor beyond our control will obtain information that you supply us, we will notify you when we collect the information from you. For specific promotions, only those who provide us with the requested personally-identifying information will be able to order products, programs, and services or otherwise participate in the promotion’s activities and offerings. Some of our websites contain links to other sites. By clicking on these links, you will leave the website operated by Ghids Media and this Privacy Policy will no longer apply. These other sites’ information practices may be different than ours. You should consult the other sites’ privacy notices, as we have no control over information submitted to or collected by these third parties.
How we use the information we collect
We use the personally-identifying information you provide us to fulfill your requests for our products, programs, and services, respond to your inquiries about offerings, and offer you other products, programs, or services that we believe may be of interest to you. We sometimes use this information to communicate with you, such as to notify you when you have won one of our contests, make changes to subscriber agreements, fulfill a request by you for an online newsletter, or contact you about your account with us. We do not use your personal information to make automated decisions. We may syndicate the publicly available content of our community areas to unaffiliated third-party websites using RSS or other technologies. The information you have shared in the community areas may be included in this syndication. We will use the personally-identifying information that you provide about others in order to provide the products or services that you have requested; for example, to enable us to send them your gifts or cards. If you provide us someone else’s personally-identifying information for referral purposes, we may use that information to invite them to visit our websites or to provide them information about our products or services. If you provide us with your email and/or postal address, we may include that address in email and/or postal address lists that we sell, trade, or rent to third parties. These lists will never contain sensitive information. If you do not wish for your email or postal address to be shared with companies not owned by Bonnier who want to market products or services to you, you have the opportunity to opt out, as described below. You may also opt out of the receipt of any marketing materials from Ghids Media as described below. We may transfer your sensitive personally-identifying information to other Bonnier offices for internal management and administrative purposes. In addition, your personal data will be transferred to other Bonnier offices where necessary for the performance or conclusion of our contractual obligations to you or for your benefit. Transfers of personally-identifying information may also be made where necessary for the establishment, exercise, or defense of legal claims. We do not transfer personal information internationally. Ghids Media will only share your sensitive personal information with outside companies or individuals in any of the following limited circumstances:
  • When we use trusted businesses or persons to process personal information on our behalf. Before sharing any personal information with outside parties, we require that these parties agree to process such information based on our instructions and in compliance with this Privacy Policy and any other appropriate confidentiality and security measures.
  • When we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation, or disclosure is necessary to:
  1. comply with applicable law, regulation, or legal process;
  2. enforce the applicable Terms of Service or other agreements and policies on the Company’s Websites;
  3. detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, or technical issues; or
  4. protect against imminent harm to the rights, property, or safety or Ghids Media, its users, or the public as required or permitted by law.
  • When you consent. Before we share your sensitive personal information outside of the previously listed circumstances, we will ask you for permission first. Please note that this only applies to sensitive information, as defined above.
We may also use, transfer, sell, and share aggregated, anonymous data about our users for any legal purpose, such as analyzing usage trends and seeking compatible advertisers and partners. In no event will this aggregated data contain any information that could be used to identify individual users of our products or services.
How we protect the safety and integrity of the information we collect
We take appropriate physical, electronic, and procedural measures to safeguard and protect your personal information. We use a variety of security measures, including encryption and authentication, to maintain the confidentiality of your personal information. We store your personal information on systems behind firewalls that are only accessible to a limited number of persons, each of whom is required to keep the information confidential. We also take appropriate measures to secure the transmission of sensitive personal information from your computer to the Company’s computers. When you transmit sensitive personal information to us, like credit card information, we offer the use of a secure connection to our servers. To the extent you select the secure connection method or your browser supports such functionality, all credit card account information that you supply is transmitted via secure encryption technology. Regardless of these measures, no system connected to the Internet or data transmission sent over the Internet can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. We will provide notice if we become aware of any security breach that may affect any sensitive personal information pertaining to you that we have stored on our systems. Ghids Media only collects personal information that is relevant to the purposes for which it will be used. Though we do take appropriate steps to review and update the information that we store to ensure that it is accurate, complete, and current, we also depend on you to update or correct your personal information when necessary. To protect your privacy and security, we will take reasonable steps to help verify your identity before granting access or making corrections. We will decline to process requests where we cannot verify the identity of the requester. We may also decline to process requests that are automated, repetitive, systematic, or impractical, or that might jeopardize the privacy of others. In some limited circumstances, such as to resolve disputes, troubleshoot problems, and enforce our policies, we may retain some of information that you have requested us to remove. Therefore, you should not expect that all of your personal information will be completely removed from our databases in response to your requests.
Your privacy options
We do not share your email address with any third-party, unless you have given us the explicit permission to do so. Email messages we send on behalf of our advertisers or other Bonnier brands are delivered from our internal email marketing system only. We may also use an encrypted form of your email address strictly for matching purposes, both internally and externally. We only want to communicate with you if you want to hear from us. All email messages we send will contain Unsubscribe and Manage Preferences links in the footer of each email, which you can use to control what type of email messages you receive. In order to provide you with all relevant content for our brand(s) with which you have interest and to give you the greatest degree of control over what type of messages you receive, your email address may exist on multiple lists. Taking action using the Unsubscribe link will suppress you from a single list for that type of content (ex: Editorial, Sponsored or Consumer Marketing). For this reason, if you want to stop receiving all email messages from a Bonnier brand, using the Manage Preferences link from the email footer may be a more appropriate option. You may also use the Manage Preferences link to receive other content types, update your personal information or sign up for emails from other Ghids Media brands.
Questions, Concerns, and Complaints
If you have any questions or concerns about this Policy, or if you think that we have used your personal information in a manner inconsistent with this Policy, please contact us by mail or email: Data Protection Office Ghids Media Corporation 11007 Griffing Blvd. Miami, FL33161 [email protected] If we receive a complaint from you, we will contact you in an attempt to address your concerns. If we are not able to resolve a complaint, we will participate in appropriate independent recourse mechanisms as necessary. Boats Guide Florida, Usa Onboard, Alma Magazine, Alma Miami and Ghids are Trademarks of Ghids Media Corp.

GHIDS MEDIA CORP & USA ONBOARD

Website And Web Application
Terms and conditions

USA ONBOARD is a media owned by GHIDS MEDIA CORP.

These terms and conditions (“Agreement”) set forth the general terms and conditions of your use of the BoatsGuideFlorida.com website (“Website”), “BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA” mobile application (“Mobile Application”), UsaOnboard.com website (“Website”), and any of their related products and services (collectively, “Services”). This Agreement is legally binding between you (“User”, “you” or “your”) and GHIDS MEDIA CORP (doing business as “BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA”, USA ONBOARD, “we”, “us” or “our”). If you are entering into this agreement on behalf of a business or other legal entity, you represent that you have the authority to bind such entity to this agreement, in which case the terms “User”, “you” or “your” shall refer to such entity. If you do not have such authority, or if you do not agree with the terms of this agreement, you must not accept this agreement and may not access and use the Services. By accessing and using the Services, you acknowledge that you have read, understood, and agree to be bound by the terms of this Agreement. You acknowledge that this Agreement is a contract between you and BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA & USA ONBOARD even though it is electronic and is not physically signed by you, and it governs your use of the Services.

Accounts and membership

If you create an account on the Services, you are responsible for maintaining the security of your account and you are fully responsible for all activities that occur under the account and any other actions taken in connection with it. We may monitor and review new accounts before you may sign in and start using the Services. Providing false contact information of any kind may result in the termination of your account. You must immediately notify us of any unauthorized uses of your account or any other breaches of security. We will not be liable for any acts or omissions by you, including any damages of any kind incurred as a result of such acts or omissions. We may suspend, disable, or delete your account (or any part thereof) if we determine that you have violated any provision of this Agreement or that your conduct or content would tend to damage our reputation and goodwill. If we delete your account for the foregoing reasons, you may not re-register for our Services. We may block your email address and Internet protocol address to prevent further registration.

User content

We do not own any data, information or material (collectively, “Content”) that you submit on the Services in the course of using the Service. You shall have sole responsibility for the accuracy, quality, integrity, legality, reliability, appropriateness, and intellectual property ownership or right to use of all submitted Content. We may monitor and review the Content on the Services submitted or created using our Services by you. You grant us permission to access, copy, distribute, store, transmit, reformat, display and perform the Content of your user account solely as required for the purpose of providing the Services to you. Without limiting any of those representations or warranties, we have the right, though not the obligation, to, in our own sole discretion, refuse or remove any Content that, in our reasonable opinion, violates any of our policies or is in any way harmful or objectionable. You also grant us the license to use, reproduce, adapt, modify, publish or distribute the Content created by you or stored in your user account for commercial, marketing or any similar purpose.

Billing and payments

You shall pay all fees or charges to your account in accordance with the fees, charges, and billing terms in effect at the time a fee or charge is due and payable. Where Services are offered on a free trial basis, payment may be required after the free trial period ends, and not when you enter your billing details (which may be required prior to the commencement of the free trial period). If auto-renewal is enabled for the Services you have subscribed for, you will be charged automatically in accordance with the term you selected. If, in our judgment, your purchase constitutes a high-risk transaction, we will require you to provide us with a copy of your valid government-issued photo identification, and possibly a copy of a recent bank statement for the credit or debit card used for the purchase. We reserve the right to change products at any time. We also reserve the right to refuse any order you place with us. We may, in our sole discretion, limit or cancel quantities purchased per person, per household or per order. These restrictions may include orders placed by or under the same customer account, the same credit card, and/or orders that use the same billing and/or shipping address. In the event that we make a change to or cancel an order, we may attempt to notify you by contacting the e-mail and/or billing address/phone number provided at the time the order was made.

Accuracy of information

Occasionally there may be information on the Services that contains typographical errors, inaccuracies or omissions that may relate to availability, promotions and offers. We reserve the right to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions, and to change or update information or cancel orders if any information on the Services or Services is inaccurate at any time without prior notice (including after you have submitted your order). We undertake no obligation to update, amend or clarify information on the Services including, without limitation, pricing information, except as required by law. No specified update or refresh date applied on the Services should be taken to indicate that all information on the Services or Services has been modified or updated.

Third party services

If you decide to enable, access or use third party services, be advised that your access and use of such other services are governed solely by the terms and conditions of such other services, and we do not endorse, are not responsible or liable for, and make no representations as to any aspect of such other services, including, without limitation, their content or the manner in which they handle data (including your data) or any interaction between you and the provider of such other services. You irrevocably waive any claim against BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA with respect to such other services. BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA is not liable for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with your enablement, access or use of any such other services, or your reliance on the privacy practices, data security processes or other policies of such other services. You may be required to register for or log into such other services on their respective platforms. By enabling any other services, you are expressly permitting BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA to disclose your data as necessary to facilitate the use or enablement of such other service.

Backups

We perform regular backups of the Website and its Content and will do our best to ensure completeness and accuracy of these backups. In the event of the hardware failure or data loss we will restore backups automatically to minimize the impact and downtime.

Advertisements

During your use of the Services, you may enter into correspondence with or participate in promotions of advertisers or sponsors showing their goods or services through the Services. Any such activity, and any terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such activity, is solely between you and the applicable third party. We shall have no liability, obligation or responsibility for any such correspondence, purchase or promotion between you and any such third party.

Links to other resources

Although the Services may link to other resources (such as websites, mobile applications, etc.), we are not, directly or indirectly, implying any approval, association, sponsorship, endorsement, or affiliation with any linked resource, unless specifically stated herein. Some of the links on the Services may be “affiliate links”. This means if you click on the link and purchase an item, BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA will receive an affiliate commission. We are not responsible for examining or evaluating, and we do not warrant the offerings of, any businesses or individuals or the content of their resources. We do not assume any responsibility or liability for the actions, products, services, and content of any other third parties. You should carefully review the legal statements and other conditions of use of any resource which you access through a link on the Services. Your linking to any other off-site resources is at your own risk.

Prohibited uses

In addition to other terms as set forth in the Agreement, you are prohibited from using the Services or Content: (a) for any unlawful purpose; (b) to solicit others to perform or participate in any unlawful acts; (c) to violate any international, federal, provincial or state regulations, rules, laws, or local ordinances; (d) to infringe upon or violate our intellectual property rights or the intellectual property rights of others; (e) to harass, abuse, insult, harm, defame, slander, disparage, intimidate, or discriminate based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, race, age, national origin, or disability; (f) to submit false or misleading information; (g) to upload or transmit viruses or any other type of malicious code that will or may be used in any way that will affect the functionality or operation of the Services, third party products and services, or the Internet; (h) to spam, phish, pharm, pretext, spider, crawl, or scrape; (i) for any obscene or immoral purpose; or (j) to interfere with or circumvent the security features of the Services, third party products and services, or the Internet. We reserve the right to terminate your use of the Services for violating any of the prohibited uses.

Intellectual property rights

“Intellectual Property Rights” means all present and future rights conferred by statute, common law or equity in or in relation to any copyright and related rights, trademarks, designs, patents, inventions, goodwill and the right to sue for passing off, rights to inventions, rights to use, and all other intellectual property rights, in each case whether registered or unregistered and including all applications and rights to apply for and be granted, rights to claim priority from, such rights and all similar or equivalent rights or forms of protection and any other results of intellectual activity which subsist or will subsist now or in the future in any part of the world. This Agreement does not transfer to you any intellectual property owned by BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA or third parties, and all rights, titles, and interests in and to such property will remain (as between the parties) solely with BOATS GUIDE FLORIDA. All trademarks, service marks, graphics and logos used in connection with the Services, are trademarks or